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The South Jersey Tradition

What is commonly referred to as the South Jersey Tradition are styles and techniques of decorating blown glass. Southern New Jersey has a very long and important history in the manufacturing of glass beginning in Alloway at the Wistarburgh Glass Works in 1739. The tradition no doubt had its roots there. The workers at Wistarburgh had come from Germany bringing with them the traditions in glass making from their home land. As the years passed and Wistarburgh closed down workers from all of the other glass manufacturing cites of the world came to America especially New Jersey, and a distinct style for decorating free blown glass emerged. A couple of the techniques are purely American the lilypad decoration was one of these techniques which was done in three different ways, type1, type 2 and type 3, all  of these were created by adding a 2nd gather of glass and tooling it. See "American Glass by the Mckearins" for examples of the three types. Other types of decorating glass is gadrooning, this is also a tooled super imposed (2nd gather) type of decoration that had its origin in England. The application of prunts (applied glass tooled or molded into berries, human or animal faces or leaves) is another. Applying glass threading onto the rim of a pitcher or bowl or glass that was applied and tooled into rigaree that was purely decorative. Another way to decorate glass was Nailsea tradition (drag looping) was also used frequently. Rarely the use of two or more colors can also be found on one piece, an example would be an amber foot and handle on a aqua body.  Using  common glass working tools a gaffer could crimp the foot or to add tool marks around the rim to further embellish his object. By using the techniques mentioned above in any variety of combinations we have what is referred to as the "South Jersey Tradition".